Eye twitching is officially referred to as myokymia. It is actually rather common and most individuals will experience eye twitching or spasms at some point in their life.Usually only one eye twitches although it can occur in both. Some people will experience twitches in the lower eyelid while others will experience upper eyelid twitches. If you are asking yourself why is my eye twitching you have come to the right place. Let’s look at some of the reasons why.
Myokymia can be a result of too much stress, fatigue, eye strain, tiredness, excessive amounts of caffeine or alcohol, allergies and dry eyes. There is usually no reason to suspect a serious medical problem if you are experiencing eye twitching as in most cases it is benign.
Stress can have a lot of physical effects on the body. One of the ways in which it might manifest is through eye twitching. If you think stress is resulting in eye spasms you can try doing various activities to relax. Yoga, meditation, taking a break, getting some physical exercise, etc., are all ways in which to try and cut down on stress. Making sure you get enough quality sleep to cut down on tiredness is also essential.
Eye twitching can also be caused by too much strain on the eyes. This could be the case if you need glasses or a change in prescription. When your eyes are working too hard the muscles spasm. If you haven’t had an eye exam in awhile and are experiencing a lot of eye twitching, it would be a good idea to have your vision checked. Of course these days we also spend a lot of time staring at screens which can contribute to eye strain. Professionals suggest taking regular breaks if you are consistently using computer or phone screens during the day. You can adopt the 20-20-20 rule to help cut back on eye fatigue. After 20 minutes of looking at a screen you should look up and into the distance, about 20 feet away, for at least 20 seconds.
caffeine and alcohol
Both caffeine and alcohol can cause eye twitching if drunk in excess. If you think too much caffeine or alcohol is contributing to the problem you can try abstaining for at least a week to see if there are any improvements.
Allergies can effect the eyes in several ways. Eyes can become itchy, swollen and watery. Although most of us know that rubbing an itchy eye only makes it worse, it can be difficult not to. When you rub your eye, histamine is released. This can result in increased eye twitching. You can try using antihistamine eye drops to improve the condition.
Having dry eyes is actually very common. Most people 50 and older start to experience more dry eye symptoms as part of the natural agin process. People who work regularly with digital screens, wear contact lenses or use certain types of medications will also tend to experience dry eyes. If the eye is better moisturized the chances of muscle spasms are reduced. You can try using eye drops or speak to a doctor about treatment options available.
when to see a doctor
Most of the time eye twitching will go away, especially if you have taken steps to rest your eyes. There are times, however, when myokymia becomes more recurrent. We recommend seeing an eye doctor if you feel concerned. You should especially see a doctor if other muscles in your face are being effected as this could be an indication of a more serious problem.