Why is fiber important?

Doctors and nutritionists encourage people to eat a diet healthy in fiber. Dietary fiber is essential to the workings of a healthy digestive system. But why? Let’s take a look at the answers to the question why is fiber important.

Fiber is most well-known for keeping your body regular. Why is fiber important?Eating fiber helps to stop and relieve constipation. Fiber is found in fruits, vegetables, whole grains and legumes. The body can’t digest certain parts of plant foods. This roughage moves through the stomach, small intestine and colon helping to clear our waste.

soluble fiber vs. insoluble fiber

Fiber comes in two forms, soluble and insoluble. Soluble fiber is easily dissolved in water. It becomes gel-like in consistency. Oats, beans, apples, peas, citrus fruits, barley and carrots are all good sources of soluble fiber. It’s important because it can aid in lowering blood cholesterol and glucose levels. Insoluble fiber does not dissolve in water. It moves through the digestive system intact and helps to clear out waste. Individuals who suffer from constipation will often increase their intake of insoluble fiber. Good sources of insoluble fiber include nuts, beans, broccoli and cauliflower, whole-wheat flour, bran and potatoes.

A lot of plant foods have both soluble and insoluble fiber. You get the most health benefits by eating a variety of foods high in fiber.

 benefits of a high-fiber diet

A high-fiber diet can keep bowl movements regular. Dietary fiber bulks up the stool which makes it easier to evacuate. This also means constipation is less likely to occur.

Fiber can have heart-health benefits. Soluble fiber can help lower blood cholesterol levels. It can also reduce blood pressure and inflammation. The best sources of fiber for a healthier heart are beans, oat bran, oats and flaxseed.

Blood sugar levels can be kept more stabilized with a high-fiber diet. Soluble fiber slows down the body’s absorption of sugar. Eating a diet high in soluble fiber can actually cut your chances of developing type 2 diabetes. It can also reduce the chances of gall and kidney stones.

Fiber can also help maintain weight. Foods that high in fiber are dense and therefore more filling. Eating high fiber foods will make you feel fuller for longer. Moreover, foods high in fiber are less energy dense. This means that relative to their volume they have fewer calories.

 how much fiber?

Most people are not getting enough fiber in their diets. You need to regularly eat fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds, in particular, to keep your body adequately supplied with fiber.

fiber important

It is generally recommended that men aged 50 or younger consume about 38 grams of fiber per day. Women, aged 50 or younger, should consume 25 grams per day. Men over the age of 50 need about 30 grams of fiber per day. While women over the age of 50 should consume about 21 grams per day.

Most people only get about 10-15 grams of fiber per day. If you think you need to up your fiber intake you should concentrate on eating more whole plant foods. This means avoiding refined and processed products like canned fruit and vegetables. Eating fresh fruits and vegetables, nuts, beans, legumes and whole-grain products will all contribute to a diet high in fiber. Make sure you are also drinking enough water to get the most benefits from a high fiber diet.


Why is sleep important?

Getting enough quality sleep is very important to overall good physical and mental health. When you don’t get enough sleep, especially over an extended period of time, your quality of life can be severely affected. Let’s take a look at the answers to the question why is sleep important.

Understanding the sleep cycle

The human sleep cycle has two key components: REM (rapid eye movement) sleep and NREM (non-repaid eye movement) sleep. why is sleep important?

The majority of our sleep cycle is spent in NREM sleep. Up to 80% of the total sleep we get each nigh is NREM. During NREM sleep the body is working to repair itself. Energy levels are renewed. Also, important hormones that aid in growth and development are released.

REM sleep, on the other hand, is essential for our overall mental wellbeing. REM sleep makes up between 20-25% of the total hours slept each night. It is during this stage of the cycle that we dream. During REM sleep the brain is processing and organizing information from the day, building memory, stimulating growth and reducing stress levels.

When the NREM and REM cycles are negatively affected during the sleep cycle, the body and mind both suffer. Waking up frequently during the night, difficulties with breathing, snoring and insomnia can all cause interruptions to the cycle.

healthy brain functions

Sleep gives your body valuable down time in which it works to keep brain functions healthy. During sleep, the brain is working to form new pathways. The formation of these pathways contributes to a stronger memory and the ability to better learn new information. In fact, quality sleep will help you to pay better attention, strengthen your problem solving skills and even increase creativity.

Young children and teenagers especially rely on sleep to aid in growth and development. Cells, tissues and muscles are repaired during the sleep cycle. is sleep importantBut being deprived of sleep can cause real problems. If you aren’t getting enough sleep your physical health will deteriorate. You will also be affected in the form of slow reaction times, general moodiness, the inability to pay attention and experience difficulty in making decisions. Sustained sleep deficiency, such as chronic insomnia, can lead to problems with depression. Sleep deprived individuals can experience suicidal thoughts or engage in risk-taking behavior.

physical health

If you aren’t getting enough quality sleep, you are at higher risk for heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke, kidney disease and diabetes. Good sleep helps to keep the heart and blood vessels functioning properly. Research shows that people who sleep six or less hours a night actually have higher levels on inflammation in their blood. This can take a negative toll on health over time.

Interestingly, sleep deficiency can lead to weight gain and even obesity. This is partly because of an imbalance of hormones. The hormones ghrelin (controls hunger) and leptin (control feelings of fullness) can become out of sync when you are not sleeping enough. The levels of ghrelin in your blood will go up, making you feel hungrier. And the the levels of leptin will go down, making it more difficult to get full.

Insulin levels are also affected by how much sleep you are getting. Insulin is the hormone that controls blood glucose (sugar). When blood sugar levels are too high, you can develop diabetes. Sustained sleep deficiency can cause higher blood glucose levels.

The immune system also needs sleep to stay in healthy working order. Not getting enough sleep can lead to problems with your body being able to fight common infections.

how much sleep do you need?

How much sleep an individual needs each night can vary. Most experts recommend getting a solid 8 hours of sleep every night. Of course, 8 hours may be too much for some people while others may need closer to 10 hours. As we age it may become more difficult to sleep for 8 hours in one go. Taking naps, like children, becomes far more common. You should pay attention to what your body is most comfortable with. If you think you have sleep deficiency it’s a good idea to see a doctor for a consultation.



Why is exercise important?

Regular exercise is an important aspect of good health. In order to keep your physical fitness and health in good working order, you really should be moving your body every day.

why is exercise important?When we are young we may not notice the effects of no exercise on the body as much. The sooner you can make exercise part of your weekly, even daily routine, the better. So let’s take a look at the question why is exercise important.

Regular moderate exercise can help to cut down on the risks of heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, and other diseases. It also keeps your muscles strong and toned which can help ease the aging process.

increased stamina

Exercise requires your body to use energy. Exercise that requires consistent physical motion, known as aerobic exercise, trains the body to become more efficient in burning up energy. Aerobic exercise includes activities such as walking, jogging, bike riding, swimming, etc. Basically any exercise that gets your heart and lungs pumping is good.

When you are out of shape your heart has to work much harder to circulate blood, with much needed oxygen, throughout your body. As your fitness levels improve over time with the more you work, your heart and lungs get better at recovering from strenuous activity. This increases your stamina. It is important to start slow and build up over time. Trying to do too much strenuous physical activity in the beginning, especially if you are not very fit, can cause injuries and demotivation.

Anaerobic exercise

Anaerobic exercise is also a good way to improve your overall health. Weight lifting and resistance training are two examples of anaerobic exercise. The more you work on building up the strength of your muscles the stronger you will become. exercise is importantThis will also help to increase endurance. Healthy muscles are far more firm and toned. This leads to better posture, looking physically better, and less overall aches and pains.

It is important to exercise different groups of muscles on different days. Doing this allows the muscles to properly recover. This reduces the risk of injury.

losing weight

Exercise can be an important part of weight control. You should also, however, consider your diet if losing weight is your main goal. You need to burn more calories than you consume in order to effectively lose weight. And it actually takes a lot of physical activity to burn only a few hundred calories. But if you eat a balanced and nutritious diet (especially low in sugars and fats) and exercise for at least 30 minutes a day several times a week, maintaining a healthy weight will be easier.


A lot of people forget to incorporate stretching as a part of a good exercise routine. It is important to stretch in order to keep muscles and joints flexible for an optimal range of movement. exercise is importantWhen you stretch before exercising and after exercising you also reduce the chances of being injured.

Tight muscles, especially in the neck and shoulders, can be a sign of stress. Stretching or even trying yoga can really help to induce relaxation. It also leads to better posture.

better mental health

Regular exercise can also contribute to better overall mental health. People who exercise regularly tend to sleep better and experience better moods. Part of this is due to the endorphins that are released during physical activity. These endorphins can help make you feel happier and even more relaxed.

Exercising regularly will also have an effect on your appearance. This can help to boost self-esteem and confidence. Reaching goals in your journey to better physical health can also increase confidence levels. When you achieve a goal you naturally feel proud.

how often?

Most experts recommend beginning with around 150 minutes of aerobic (moderate-intensity) activities per week. It’s a good idea to start with 30 minute sessions and build up your endurance levels slowly. You should also incorporate some weight training to better build up muscle strength. Weight machines, free weights and body weight exercises are all good options to try.

If you are unsure of your overall physical health or have chronic health issues, you should see a doctor before beginning any new exercise regime.

Sometimes a person can develop an unhealthy relationship with exercise. This is known as compulsive exercise. This usually happens when an individual has become obsessed with losing weight or keeping weight off. But excessive exercise can result in a lot of health complications. If you think you might be out of control when it comes to your work out routines, it would be a good idea to talk to a doctor or someone you trust.

Regardless of your age, sex or experience it is never too late to begin exercising. The benefits that exercise has on the heart, lungs, muscles and joints and mental health makes it an incredibly valuable part of a healthy lifestyle. And there you have the reasons for why is exercise important.




Why is quinoa good for you?

Over the last few years quinoa, pronounced KEEN-wah, has made a real buzz as a superfood. Quinoa is packed full of vitamins and minerals which can have a number of health benefits. We use it like a grain but it’s actually related to spinach, Swiss chard and beets. Let’s look more in depth at the question why is quinoa good for you?

why is quinoa good for you?Quinoa is a grain crop that is very high in protein. We eat the seeds of the plant which come in white, red and black varieties of which there are more than 100 types.

You can find B-vitamins, calcium, vitamin E, iron, magnesium, potassium, and fiber in quinoa.  It is also an excellent source of protein, being one of the few plants to contain all 9 essential amino acids. Furthermore, it is gluten-free which makes it an ideal source of nutrition for people with gluten intolerances, including Celiac disease.

Popular again

Historically, quinoa was a staple part of the Incan diet. The Inca Empire called quinoa the “mother of all grains.” They felt it to be sacred and a powerful source of strength.

Over the last few years quinoa has become popular again due to its high nutrient value. It’s important to consume quinoa as a whole food if you want to get its health benefits. It’s a great substitute for rice and oatmeal.


Flavonoids, which are antioxidants, can be found in plant foods. Antioxidants can contribute to better overall health. Quinoa has two flavonoids, quercetin and kaempferol, that can help to ease inflammation. Research has also shown anti-cancer, anti-viral and anti-depressant effects can be found from these flavonoids. More human research, however, is needed.

high in fiber

Quinoa is very high in fiber. For every one cup of quinoa you can get 17 to 27 grams of fiber, depending on the variety used. Not all of this fiber is useful though. There is a big difference between insoluble fiber and soluble fiber. Soluble fiber found in quinoa comes in at about 2.5 grams per cup. Research shows that the soluble fiber from quinoa can lower blood sugar levels, lower cholesterol and aid in weight loss (you stay fuller for longer).

source of protein

Quinoa is one of the few plant foods that contains all the essential amino acids. Protein is comprised of amino acids. When a food has all the essential amino acids it is called a complete protein. It is important to get enough protein from the food you are consuming because we don’t produce essential amino acids on our own. People who are vegetarian or vegan often use quinoa as one of their main sources of protein. For every 1 cup of quinoa there are about 8 grams of protein. If you are trying to cut down on meat consumption adding quinoa to your diet could be a good substitute.

high in minerals

Quinoa has very high levels of 4 very important minerals — magnesium, zinc, potassium and iron. We often don’t get enough of these minerals in our diet. Eating quinoa is a good way to make sure you get more minerals. They key is to soak the quinoa before you cook it. quinoa good for youQuinoa has a high phytic acid content. Phytic acid can limit the absorption of minerals. But if you soak the quinoa before cooking you cut down on the phytic acid.

 high in antioxidants

Antioxidants help fight disease and can slow down the again process. This is because they neutralize free radicals which cause damage to our cells. Quinoa is very high in antioxidants so consuming it can be hugely beneficial.






Why is high blood pressure bad?

Blood pressure refers to the pressure of the blood in the circulatory system. In other words, the measurement shows how hard your heart is working to circulate blood throughout your body. High blood pressure, or hypertension, is quite dangerous. why is high blood pressure badMany people don’t know they have high blood pressure as it can take years for symptoms to develop. It is very important to check your blood pressure somewhat regularly, especially if you are at risk for hypertension.  Why is high blood pressure bad? Let’s take a look at some of the reasons why.

An optimum blood pressure reading for an adult is usually measured at 120/80. If over a period of several weeks you are having consistent blood pressure readings of 140/90 or higher, you most likely have hypertension.

the arteries

High blood pressure can lead to heart disease, blood circulation problems and even stroke. Healthy arteries allow blood to move smoothly, bringing essential oxygen and nutrients to the vital organs and tissues. If you have hypertension, the blood is having to work harder to pump through your arteries. This can cause two major problems in particular. Firstly, narrowed arteries can develop which means less blood is circulating around your body. Secondly, narrowed arteries can lead to an aneurysm. Increased pressure from the restricted blood flow can cause a rupture and lead to internal bleeding. The most common type of aneurysm to occur from hypertension is in the aorta (the heart’s largest artery).

Heart damage

Untreated high blood pressure can lead to coronary artery disease. If you have coronary artery disease, a narrowing of the arteries that restricts blood flow to and from the heart, you are at risk for a heart attack. If you are experiencing any kind of chest pain or arrhythmias (irregular heart beats) you must see a doctor. When your heart is experiencing too much strain, the muscles are weakened and won’t work as well.

 Brain damage

The brain needs a strong and steady supply of well-oxygenated blood to work efficiently. High blood pressure can have negative effects on the brain. You can be at risk for developing transient ischemic attacks (mini-strokes) where the blood supply is temporarily blocked from reaching your brain. If left untreated, full blown strokes can occur. A stroke is when the brain is cut off from oxygen and nutrients for enough time that brain cells die. High blood pressure can cause a stroke because of how it damages the blood vessels. Blood clots form in the arteries and the flow of blood is blocked.

Vascular dementia can also be a result of untreated high blood pressure. If the arteries carrying blood to the brain become too narrow or even blocked the brain can be damaged. Understanding and memory can be impaired.

kidney damage

High blood pressure can also damage the blood vessels in and around your kidneys. The kidneys work by removing waste from the blood. If the kidneys are not functioning correctly, due to hypertension, kidney disease can form. In fact, kidney failure most often occurs because of high blood pressure. When your body can’t filter out waste adequately, the excess fluid and waste builds up which can lead to irreparable damage.

what causes high blood pressure

High blood pressure can develop due to several different reasons.blood pressure chart If you consume a diet too high in salt and/or fat, are overweight or obese, don’t exercise enough and/or drink alcohol in excess, you can be at risk for high blood pressure. There is also a genetic component involved so if you have a family history of high blood pressure it’s best to get yours checked regularly. The process of aging can also lead to the development of high blood pressure. Always consult a doctor if you have any concerns.

Why is my eye twitching?

Eye twitching is officially referred to as myokymia. It is actually rather common and most individuals will experience eye twitching or spasms at some point in their life.Usually only one eye twitches although it can occur in both. Some people will experience twitches in the lower eyelid while others will experience upper eyelid twitches.why is my eye twitching If you are asking yourself why is my eye twitching you have come to the right place. Let’s look at some of the reasons why.

Myokymia can be a result of too much stress, fatigue, eye strain, tiredness, excessive amounts of caffeine or alcohol, allergies and dry eyes. There is usually no reason to suspect a serious medical problem if you are experiencing eye twitching as in most cases it is benign.


Stress can have a lot of physical effects on the body. One of the ways in which it might manifest is through eye twitching. If you think stress is resulting in eye spasms you can try doing various activities to relax. Yoga, meditation, taking a break, getting some physical exercise, etc., are all ways in which to try and cut down on stress. Making sure you get enough quality sleep to cut down on tiredness is also essential.

eye strain

Eye twitching can also be caused by too much strain on the eyes. This could be the case if you need glasses or a change in prescription. When your eyes are working too hard the muscles spasm. If you haven’t had an eye exam in awhile and are experiencing a lot of eye twitching, it would be a good idea to have your vision checked. Of course these days we also spend a lot of time staring at screens which can contribute to eye strain. Professionals suggest taking regular breaks if you are consistently using computer or phone screens during the day. You can adopt the 20-20-20 rule to help cut back on eye fatigue. After 20 minutes of looking at a screen you should look up and into the distance, about 20 feet away, for at least 20 seconds.

caffeine and alcohol

Both caffeine and alcohol can cause eye twitching if drunk in excess. If you think too much caffeine or alcohol is contributing to the problem you can try abstaining for at least a week to see if there are any improvements.




Allergies can effect the eyes in several ways. Eyes can become itchy, swollen and watery. Although most of us know that rubbing an itchy eye only makes it worse, it can be difficult not to. When you rub your eye, histamine is released. This can result in increased eye twitching. You can try using antihistamine eye drops to improve the condition.

dry eyes

Having dry eyes is actually very common. Most people 50 and older start to experience more dry eye symptoms as part of the natural agin process. People who work regularly with digital screens, wear contact lenses or use certain types of medications will also tend to experience dry eyes. If the eye is better moisturized the chances of muscle spasms are reduced. You can try using eye drops or speak to a doctor about treatment options available.


when to see a doctor

Most of the time eye twitching will go away, especially if you have taken steps to rest your eyes.eye exam There are times, however, when myokymia becomes more recurrent. We recommend seeing an eye doctor if you feel concerned. You should especially see a doctor if other muscles in your face are being effected as this could be an indication of a more serious problem.




Why is garlic good for you?

Garlic is related to onions, shallots and leeks. It’s often added to food during the cooking process because of it’s delicious flavor. why is garlic good for youBut did you know garlic is also used for medicinal purposes. Ancient civilizations, including the Greeks, the Romans, the Egyptians, the Babylonians and the Chinese have all used garlic as a medicinal remedy. If you find yourself asking why is garlic good for you, you’ve come to the right place. Let’s look at some of the reasons why garlic is often labelled a health super food.

The Power of the Cloves

Garlic is formed of cloves which group together to make a bulb. Each bulb has around 10 to 20 cloves. The cloves are covered by a skin. When this is removed and the garlic chopped or crushed, a sulfur compound known as allicin is released. Allicin migrates around the body from the digestive tract, having several positive effects.

Garlic has a number of healthy vitamins and minerals. In a 1 ounce or 28 gram serving of garlic you can find good amounts of Manganese, Vitamin B6, Vitamin C, and Selenium. Garlic also contains calcium, copper, iron, Vitamin B1 and potassium. It is low in calories and carbs and is also a source of fiber.

So how does allicin work? Why is garlic good for you?

strengthening the immune system

Garlic has long been used to strengthen the workings of the body’s immune system. Research has shown that taking a garlic supplement daily can reduce the amount of colds experienced by about 63%. Garlic can also reduce the number of days cold symptoms are felt by 70%. This means that within 2 days, when using garlic, you will start to feel better from your cold as compared to 5 days with no use of garlic. So if you are someone who experiences a lot of colds it might be worthwhile adding garlic supplements to your daily routine.

reduce high blood pressure and cholesterol

Garlic can help to reduce high blood pressure. High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, can lead to cardiovascular disease. Studies have shown that taking garlic supplements in daily doses of 600 to 1500 mg for at least 24 weeks is as effective for some people as using prescribed blood pressure medication. But keep in mind that the dose must be high to be effective. For the allicin to effectively reduce high blood pressure it must be consumed in greater amounts.

Garlic also has the ability to lower LDL cholesterol levels. Using garlic supplements can be very useful for people wanting to lower their high cholesterol levels.


A lot of antioxidants are found in garlic. Antioxidants are key in protecting the body against oxidative damage. There are studies that show garlic has the potential to be effective in fighting diseases such as Alzheimer’s and dementia.garlic good for you

Garlic has also long been used as a supplement by athletes. It can potentially enhance performance and cut down on fatigue although not a lot of official studies have been conducted. More research is needed to fully understand what garlic can contribute to athletic prowess and performance.

reducing heavy metal toxicity

If you have been exposed to heavy metal toxicity garlic can be very helpful in protecting against potential organ damage. It can also aid in the reduction of side effects from heavy metal toxicity including headaches and blood pressure problems. You need to take high doses in order to get enough allicin circulating through the bloodstream. It’s best to speak to a doctor to ensure the right treatment path is made available to you.


Why is my period late?

Menstruation cycles should be pretty regular. If you are experiencing irregularities, such as missed periods or regular spotting, it would be a good idea to see a doctor. There could be several reasons for a late period. If your period hasn’t arrived as normal you are probably asking yourself why is my period late.

A lot of people will assume a late period means pregnancy but this is not always the case. Hormonal imbalances, stress, effects of birth control, and thyroid issues are just some of the reasons that could cause a late period. Moreover, late periods are also far more common in women who have just begun menstruation and those women beginning menopause.

The average cycle of a woman’s period is every 28 days but healthy cycles can actually range anywhere from 21 to 35 days. Let’s look in depth at some of the reasons why a healthy cycle could be disrupted.


Women who are trying to get pregnant are anticipating missed periods. Pregnancy results in a halt on the menstrual cycle. why is my period late pregnancy

If you have been having sex and think there may be a chance you are pregnant you should take a pregnancy test. These days home pregnancy tests can detect the hormone produced during pregnancy, human chorionic gonadotropin, quite early. Keep in mind that false negatives can occur so you might want to repeat the test and make an appointment with your gynecologist.


Stress can take a major toll on the body. Hormones become imbalanced and this can result in illness and sudden changes in weight. Hypothalamic amenorrhea is when the hypothalamus, a part of the brain that controls hormones, is not functioning correctly. Adrenaline and cortisol, the stress hormones, are being released too often. This prompts the body to halt bodily functions that are deemed less important while in “survival mode.” This can have a major effect on your menstrual cycle. It is important to talk to a professional if you think too much stress and anxiety is impacting you negatively.

weight changes/excessive exercise

If you have gained or lost a significant amount of weight, especially over a relatively short period of time, your periods may not be coming regularly. A lot of women with eating disorders, such as anorexia nervosa or bulimia, actually stop ovulating. This can happen if your weight is 10% or more below what a healthy weight for your height should be. Obesity can also contribute to cycle changes because of resulting hormonal changes. Finally, excessive exercise can result in missed or late periods. Nature has designed it so that pregnancy is less likely to happen when the body is under a lot of physical stress.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

PCOS is when a woman’s body produces too much androgen, which is a male hormone. The androgen leads to cysts forming on the ovaries. Menstruation will usually become irregular if not completely stop. PCOS symptoms can also include weight gain, difficulty in losing weight, hair growth on the face and chest and possible fertility problems.

Birth Control

Birth control pills are an effective mode of hormonal birth control. why is my period late birth controlThe combined pill contains the hormones estrogen and progestin. They work in conjunction to halt ovulation. There is also a mini pill which contains progestin only. You should speak to a doctor about what the right method of birth control is for you. Since the pill is producing hormonal changes, it can take some time for your cycle to become regular. The usual estimate of time in establishing a regular cycle is 6 months. Injections and implants, two other modes of birth control, can also cause cycle irregularities due to the hormone changes.

chronic illness

Illnesses such as diabetes and celiac disease can cause missed periods. Blood sugar and hormones are linked so when blood sugar is not stable irregularity can occur. An inflammatory illness, like celiac disease, causes damage to the digestive system which means the body struggles to absorb important nutrients. When you aren’t getting proper nutrition, your period can be disrupted.

Thyroid problems

The thyroid works to regulate the metabolism. If your thyroid is overactive or under-active your hormonal balance can be thrown off resulting in an irregular cycle. Medication is usually prescribed once a diagnosis has been confirmed. Once a thyroid problem is under management, the menstrual cycle usually goes back to being regular.


It is quite normal not to have a period while breastfeeding. The main hormone released for milk production is prolactin which halts ovulation. This means a lot of mothers will not have a period for several months or even until the child is weaned.  Do keep in mind, however, that you can still get pregnant during the breastfeeding phase because ovulation can still occur. It is best to use protection if you don’t want to get immediately pregnant again. Once a child is weaned the menstrual cycle should resume to normal within 6 to 8 weeks.

early peri-menopause

Menopause is the end to a woman’s fertility cycle. The production of eggs gradually slows down until it completely stops. Women usually begin menopause between the ages of 45 to 55. Sometimes hormonal imbalances will cause the onset of early menopause around the age of 40 but it is not very common.

Peace of mind

Experiencing late or missed periods can be worrying. Finding yourself asking why is my period late can lead to hasty conclusions. If you are truly concerned the best thing to do is make an appointment with a doctor. You will be able to find out what exactly is going on and plan a course of action to get things back to normal.

Why is blood red?

In order to understand why is blood red, we have to look at the molecules that it is made up of. The cells that form blood are known as red blood cells. Inside the red blood cells you find hemoglobin which is a type of protein. Hemoglobin proteins contain hemes. Hemes make blood red in color. why is blood redThey do this by binding iron molecules and oxygen. The iron molecules interact with the oxygen and this produces the red color. Iron reflects red light and there is a lot of iron in our blood.

Blood Cells

Blood is made up of several components including red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. They are contained within a clear fluid called plasma. Red blood cells make up the majority of cells thus dominating with an overall red color.

Blood needs to be able to carry oxygen around the body. As blood travels through the lungs, it gathers up oxygen. This oxygen is moved throughout the body. Once oxygen has been used up the blood will pick up more oxygen from the lungs for circulation.  When there is a lot of oxygen in your blood, is is much brighter in color. When there is little oxygen, it will appear a lot darker.

Blue blood myth

Since our blood is red, people often wonder why our veins are blue. Some people may even think that our blood is blue inside and only turns red when it is exposed to air. But this is not true. Blood is always red. blue veinsOn people with a pale skin color, the veins look blue because of the way light is passing through the skin. Skin causes light to reflect differently on blood deeper in our veins and our eyes are picking this up as a blue or green color.

Interestingly, some animals do have blue blood. For example, a lot of crustaceans, including lobsters and crabs, have blue blood. But this is not the case for humans and all other animals with backbones.